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Четвер, 14.12.2017, 23:57
 
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Conditional sentences
 
 

The conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English.

Watch out:

1) Which type of the conditional sentences is used?

2) Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)?
 
 

There are three types of the if-clauses

type

condition

I

condition possible to fulfill

II

condition in theory possible to fulfill

III

condition not possible to fulfill (too late)

Form

type

if clause

main clause

I

Simple Present 

will-future (or Modal + infinitive)

II

Simple Past 

would + infinitive

III

Past Perfect

would + have + past participle

Examples (if-clause at the beginning)

type

if clause

main clause

I

If I study,

I will pass the exam.

II

If I studied,

I would pass the exam.

III

If I had studied,

I would have passed the exam.

Examples (if-clause at the end)

type

main clause

if-clause

I

I will pass the exam

if I study.

II

I would pass the exam

if I studied.

III

I would have passed the exam

if I had studied.

Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)

type

 

Examples

 

 

long forms

short/contracted forms

I

+

If I study, I will pass the exam.

If I study, I'll pass the exam.

-

If I study, I will not fail the exam.
If I do not study, I will fail the exam.

If I study, I won't fail the exam.
If I don't study, I'll fail the exam.

II

+

If I studied, I would pass the exam.

If I studied, I'd pass the exam.

-

If I studied, I would not fail the exam.
If I did not study, I would fail the exam.

If I studied, I wouldn't fail the exam.
If I didn't study, I'd fail the exam.

III

+

If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

If I'd studied, I'd have passed the exam.

-

If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam.

If I'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam.
If I hadn't studied, I'd have failed the exam.

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