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Запорізького педагогічного коледжу
Середа, 23.08.2017, 03:44
 
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Passive
Use

We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action.

Example: Appointments are required in such cases.

We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence.


Form

to be + past participle

How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given:
- object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence
- subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out)

Active:

Peter

builds

a house.

Passive:

A house

is built

by Peter.

 


Examples

Active

Peter

builds

a house.

Simple Present

 

Passive:

A house

is built

by Peter.

 

Active:

Peter

built

a house.

Simple Past

 

Passive:

A house

was built

by Peter.

 

Active:

Peter

has built

a house.

Present Perfect

 

Passive:

A house

has been built

by Peter.

 

Active:

Peter

will build

a house.

will-future

 

Passive:

A house

will be built

by Peter.

 

Active:

Peter

can build

a house.

Modals

 

Passive:

A house

can be built

by Peter.

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