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Past Simple

Use

1) action finished in the past

I visited Berlin last week.


2) series of completed actions in the past

First I got up, then I had breakfast


3) together with the Past Progressive/Continuous - The Simple Past interrupted an action which was in progress in the past.

They were playing cards when the telephone rang.


Signal words

Yesterday, last week, a month ago, in 2002


Form

- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed
- with irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs


Examples

Affirmative sentences:

regular verbs

irregular verbs

I played football.

I went to the cinema.

We visited Alaska last year.

We were in Rome yesterday.

Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do) for negations.

I

 

played

football.

I

didn't

play

football.

He

didn't

play

football.

Questions:

Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do).
Did you play football?

 

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